On Tuesday, February 21st, 2017 two (2) guidance memorandums were signed by Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly implementing the President's Executive Orders on immigration enforcement. The new memos direct the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to escalate immigration enforcement nationwide. The memos reveal that DHS intends to take a much more "enforcement-oriented" position with regard to U.S. Immigration law.
How do these memorandums affect foreign nationals?
1. AN END TO LONG-STANDING PROTECTIONS FOR CHILDREN. DHS intends to strip many children arriving alone at our border of basic protections and to penalize their parents for seeking to reunite with their children in the United States. DHS will do this by narrowing the definition of "unaccompanied alien child" in order to limit those protections and by launching either civil or criminal enforcement against the parents.
2. A MASSIVE EXPANSION OF DETENTION. The memos contemplate a massive expansion of detention, including a requirement that DHS officers detain nearly everyone they apprehend at or near the border. This detention space expansion will benefit the private prison industry-means that children, families, and other vulnerable groups seeking protection in the United States will end up detained, at great financial and human cost.
3. PROSECUTION PRIORITIES AND DISCRETION ARE GONE. The new memos rescind earlier policies on whom to prosecute and deport and whom to de-prioritize because they pose no threat to our communities. The new enforcement priorities are extremely broad and cover nearly all undocumented individuals in the United States. In fact, they even include individuals simply charged or suspected of having committed crimes.
4. CREATION OF A DEPORTATION FORCE. The memos order the hiring of 5,000 additional Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents and 10,000 additional Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents. They direct a massive expansion of 287(g)-a provision that allows DHS to deputize State and Local law enforcement officers to perform the functions of immigration agents. The memos reinstate Secure Communities [terminating the Priority Enforcement Program (PEP), which targeted only criminal foreign nationals or individuals who had an outstanding order of removal/deportation], which expand the ways in which local police collaborate with ICE.
5. PLANS TO BYPASS IMMIGRATION COURTS AND SHORT-CIRCUIT DUE PROCESS. The memos indicate that many people in the interior of the country - not just those at the border - could be subject to expedited removal or expedited deportation without going before an immigration law judge, the details of which DHS said will be forthcoming in a notice in the Federal Register. This expansion of "expedited removal," will allow the government to bypass the backlogged immigration courts in order to remove or deport people rapidly and with little-to-no due process.